"The purpose of this note is to give a method for solving a problem related to the traveling salesman problem."Although the problem was apparently well known at that time, there does not appear to be any earlier reference in the literature. Solution methods began to appear in papers in the mid-1950s; these early papers used a variity of minor variations of the name traveling salesman problem. Dantzig, Fulkerson, and Johnson (1954) referred to the "traveling-salesman problem", Heller (1954) used "travelling salesman's problem", and Morton and Land (1955) preferred "the `travelling salesman' problem" (and write that they orginally called it the "laundry van problem").
We follow Robinson and use "traveling salesman
problem". The sixth edition of The Concise Oxford Dictionary
offers some support, writing "travelling-bag", "travelling-cap", and "travelling
clock" all with two l's, but "traveling salesman" with a single l.
The second edition of The Oxford English Dictionary does make this
distinction, however, writing "travelling salesman problem" (despite a
reference to Dantzig, Fulkerson, and Johnson (1954)).